“It is abundantly clear that the incidence of all common cancers is being determined by potentially controllable means…cancer is in large part a preventable disease” Willett. W.C (JAMA)
Some information for those in contact with, or caring for patients: Get active with patients to help them, whilst also helping YOU! Lifestyle choices are vital for EVERYONE to help BEAT CANCER
- Age and Environment: The longer we are exposed to the environment, the more damage is done to our cells. Everyone should take responsibility to counteract this damage by leading a healthy lifestyle, which includes exercise on a regular basis.
- Smoking: Worldwide is the biggest cause of cancer
- Alcohol: Linked to 6% of all cancer deaths
- Overweight: It is thought more than 1: 20 cancers in the UK alone are linked to being overweight or obese.
- Obesity: 40-50% more likely to get certain cancers
- Sedentary lifestyle: A Study by American Cancer society found that 1/3 of all cancer deaths last year were directly linked to a lack of exercise.
How exercise decreases risk
- Exercise lowers the risk of getting Breast cancer by up-to 40%, Colon by up-to 50% and Uterine by up-to 46%.
- Exercise helps lower body fat and improve insulin sensitivity. In turn, this lessens an enzyme, Aromatase, which produces Oestrogen. Too much Oestrogen increases the risk of breast and endometrial cancers.
- Exercise increases bowel transit time, reducing exposure and absorption of carcinogenic substances.
- Balances hormones associated with Cancer, in particular, our sex hormones Testosterone and Oestrogen, whilst also improving Insulin resistance.
Experts think that nearly one in ten UK cancer cases are linked to less healthy diets.
Eating a well- balanced, healthy diet that is HIGH in Fibre, fruit and vegetables and LOW in red and processed meat and salt can reduce the risk of certain cancers